The law also authorized factory inspections and expanded enforcement powers, set new regulatory standards for foods, and brought cosmetics and therapeutic devices under federal regulatory authority.
This law, though extensively amended in subsequent years, remains the central foundation of FDA regulatory authority to the present day.
Wiley's advocacy came at a time when the public had become aroused to hazards in the marketplace by muckraking journalists like Upton Sinclair, and became part of a general trend for increased federal regulations in matters pertinent to public safety during the Progressive Era.
The 1902 Biologics Control Act was put in place after diphtheria antitoxin was collected from a horse named Jim who contracted tetanus, resulting in several deaths.
Much of the FDA's regulatory attentions in this era were directed towards abuse of amphetamines and barbiturates, but the agency also reviewed some 13,000 new drug applications between 19.
While the science of toxicology was in its infancy at the start of this era, rapid advances in experimental assays for food additive and drug safety testing were made during this period by FDA regulators and others.
The policy will go into effect when classes begin next month.
Any student who wishes to participate in any extracurricular activity — from baseball to band to theater to chess — must sign a consent form and , which could take the form of a saliva or urine test, will detect the presence of “alcohol; marijuana; cocaine; amphetamines; methamphetamine; heroine [sic]; and opiates.” Students who fail the tests will not be punished academically, but will be suspended from participating in extracurricular activities or from parking at the school for between 30 and 365 days, depending on the number of times a student has failed a drug test.
Under Harvey Washington Wiley, appointed chief chemist in 1883, the Division began conducting research into the adulteration and misbranding of food and drugs on the American market.After passage of the 1938 Act, the FDA began to designate certain drugs as safe for use only under the supervision of a medical professional, and the category of "prescription-only" drugs was securely codified into law by the 1951 Durham-Humphrey Amendment.